Neighborhood Alto da Barra, Portugal | @Ines Rodrigues 2019
CA18137 - MCMH-EU
European Middle Class
Mass Housing
MCMH has been generally underestimated in
urban and architectural studies and there is still
a lack of comparative analysis and global
perspectives. By crossing different approaches
focus on Architecture, Urbanism, Planning,
Public Policies, History, Sociology, our network
allows a wider understanding of MCMH sprawl,
deepening on-going researches and focussing
on the existing case studies.
JOIN ACTION KNOW MORE
OSIEDLE 1000-lecia PP, Poland | @Janusz Grycel 2019
CA18137 - MCMH-EU
European Middle Class
Mass Housing
MCMH has been generally underestimated in
urban and architectural studies and there is still
a lack of comparative analysis and global
perspectives. By crossing different approaches
focus on Architecture, Urbanism, Planning,
Public Policies, History, Sociology, our network
allows a wider understanding of MCMH sprawl,
deepening on-going researches and focussing
on the existing case studies.
JOIN ACTION KNOW MORE
OSIEDLE 1000-lecia PP, Poland | @Janusz Grycel 2019
CA18137 - MCMH-EU
European Middle Class
Mass Housing
MCMH has been generally underestimated in
urban and architectural studies and there is still
a lack of comparative analysis and global
perspectives. By crossing different approaches
focus on Architecture, Urbanism, Planning,
Public Policies, History, Sociology, our network
allows a wider understanding of MCMH sprawl,
deepening on-going researches and focussing
on the existing case studies.
JOIN ACTION KNOW MORE
PRZYCZÓŁEK GROCHOWSKI, Poland | @Janusz Grycel 2019
CA18137 - MCMH-EU
European Middle Class
Mass Housing
MCMH has been generally underestimated in
urban and architectural studies and there is still
a lack of comparative analysis and global
perspectives. By crossing different approaches
focus on Architecture, Urbanism, Planning,
Public Policies, History, Sociology, our network
allows a wider understanding of MCMH sprawl,
deepening on-going researches and focussing
on the existing case studies.
JOIN ACTION KNOW MORE
PRZYCZÓŁEK GROCHOWSKI, Poland | @Janusz Grycel 2019
CA18137 - MCMH-EU
European Middle Class
Mass Housing
MCMH has been generally underestimated in
urban and architectural studies and there is still
a lack of comparative analysis and global
perspectives. By crossing different approaches
focus on Architecture, Urbanism, Planning,
Public Policies, History, Sociology, our network
allows a wider understanding of MCMH sprawl,
deepening on-going researches and focussing
on the existing case studies.
JOIN ACTION KNOW MORE
PRZYCZÓŁEK GROCHOWSKI, Poland | @Janusz Grycel 2019
CA18137 - MCMH-EU
European Middle Class
Mass Housing
MCMH has been generally underestimated in
urban and architectural studies and there is still
a lack of comparative analysis and global
perspectives. By crossing different approaches
focus on Architecture, Urbanism, Planning,
Public Policies, History, Sociology, our network
allows a wider understanding of MCMH sprawl,
deepening on-going researches and focussing
on the existing case studies.
JOIN ACTION KNOW MORE
CA18137 – MCMH-EU
European Middle Class Mass Housing
MCMH has been generally underestimated in urban and architectural studies and there is still a lack of comparative analysis and global perspectives. By crossing different approaches focus on Architecture, Urbanism, Planning, Public Policies, History, Sociology, our network allows a wider understanding of MCMH sprawl, deepening on-going researches and focussing on the existing case studies.
OBJECTIVES
The main aim and objective of the MCMH-EU
The main challenge of MCMH-EU is to create a transnational network that gathers European researchers carrying studies on Middle-Class Mass Housing (MCMH) built in Europe since the 1950s and to develop new scientific approaches by discussing, testing and assessing diverse case studies and their different methodologies and perspectives.
The target groups of the Action include three levels of end users:
  • Academic/scientific working groups;
  • Institutional stakeholders and policymakers;
  • Local communities.
MOU
WORKING GROUPS
MCMH-EU is being developed by 3 Working Groups
WG 1

Documenting the MCMH

WG 2

Development of a specific set of (new) concepts for MCMH analyses

WG 3

Leverage contemporary architecture interventions and Public Policies

COST Action CA 18137
Join Action
OBJECTIVES
The main aim and objective of the MCMH-EU

The target groups of the Action include three levels of end users:

  • Academic/scientific working groups;
  • Institutional stakeholders and policymakers;
  • Local communities.

The main challenge of
MCMH-EU is to create a
transnational network that
gathers European
researchers carrying studies
on Middle-Class Mass
Housing (MCMH) built in
Europe since the 1950s and
to develop new scientific
approaches by discussing,
testing and assessing diverse
case studies and their
different methodologies
and perspectives.

WG 1

Documenting the MCMH

WG 2

Development of a specific set of (new) concepts for MCMH analyses

WG 3

Leverage contemporary architecture interventions and Public Policies

WORKING GROUPS
MCMH-EU is being developed by 3 Working Groups

COST Action CA 18137
Join Action
ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Marija Drėmaitė represents Lithuania in the Management Committee and is a member of the Working Group 2 of MCMH-EU COST Action. Marija Drėmaitė is a Professor at Vilnius University, Faculty of History. She holds a PhD in the history of architecture (2006). Her research is focused on the 20th century architecture, industrial culture and heritage. She is the author of Baltic Modernism: Architecture and Housing in Soviet Lithuania (Berlin: DOM Publishers, 2017), and editor of Architecture of Optimism: The Kaunas Phenomenon, 1918–1940 (Vilnius: Lapas, 2018). Currently she is working on a monograph about residential architecture in Soviet Lithuania and leads an expert group for the nomination of Kaunas Modernist Architecture to the UNESCO World Heritage List.

ABSTRACT

The article examines the environmental qualities perceived by ageing populations in suburban low-density and car-oriented neighbourhoods in comparison to more dense and central areas. The study focuses on Nicosia, Cyprus, a city that suffers from extended sprawl and car dependency in almost every urban district. The aim of the article is to investigate how older adults perceive and evaluate their place of residence and if this assessment relates to the suburban or the city centre profile of their neighbourhoods. For this reason, the study takes five residential districts, two central and three suburban areas, as case studies. Each of the selected residential districts performs differently in terms of percentage of the population over the age of 65; scale and street layout; adequacy in supporting land uses; building density; distance from the city centre and public space availability and condition. The almost exclusive use of private cars, as the main transportation mode is a common feature of all older adults interviewed in these areas. The older adults’ perceptions of place are assessed through the Place Standard (PS), a simple recently awarded framework which structures conversations about place in regard to its physical elements as well as its social composition. PS is used as an interview tool, which allows the mapping/visualization of qualitative data. Qualitative in-depth interviews conclude to an evaluation of fourteen aspects that outline a residential district profile from mobility to green and urban image attractiveness, and from facilities to social contact and safety, covering almost every aspect of daily life. The article concludes that the neighbourhood assessment from older residents varies depending on the nature of the suburban neighbourhood. Density, layout and distance from the city centre matter according to the participants’ evaluation and there is a clear preference towards suburban low-density areas.

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Open Calls

CALL FOR PAPERS - “Optimistic Suburbia II - Middle-Class Large Housing Complexes” - deadline 2 November 2020
Optimistic Suburbia II - Middle-Class Large Housing Complexes

CALL FOR PAPERS

Deadline: 2 November 2020

Submit paper
More information

The “Optimistic Suburbia II – Middle-Class Large Housing Complexes” has its starting point in a research on large housing complexes in the outskirts of Lisbon, Luanda and Macau, then enlarged to Antwerp and Milan. In the last decades of the 20th century, these housing complexes were instrumental for the urban growth, showing similarities as well as differences in Europe and beyond. Drawing from this context the conference intends to open the reflection on these complexes on broad realities, showing the multiple features of urbanizations in several geographical, chronological and social contexts.

The objective is to put into perspective the shaping and the pattern of autonomous neighbourhoods, both of private and public promotion, on the outskirts of big cities, for the middle-class and designed in the second half of the twentieth century. Originally isolated in the orbit of large cities, they were characterized by a set of high-rise buildings of modern design, which were progressively articulated with the evolution of the historical city through major roads, which often ended up determining its limits.

This model, which arose in the interwar period (1918-1939), marked, globally and in particular in the cities which were most affected by the two major wars, more than 40 years of an urban planning convinced of the benefits of decongesting the historic centres – freeing them of degraded and insalubrious living conditions –, of the rationalization of the city and of the development of metropolises served by circulatory systems of transportation to wooded suburbs. Imbued with desires of progress and social aspirations of a new culture and optimism, this model was also controversial and the target of criticism.

Although the origin of the referred model is located within an architectonic culture of central European matrix, its use occurred throughout a long time and in very diverse contexts, such as in Africa, South America and Asia (while in the United States of America this model never triumphed, facing the strength of the “American dream house”), with the middle-class as its target.

The objective of this Second International Conference is that of acknowledging the initial principles of the model proposed for the middle-class, describing and reflecting on the diversity of results and on the different ways of appropriation in very diverse geographical, social, chronological and cultural contexts. Therefore, are welcomed researches on architecture, urbanism, architecture and urbanism history, impact on the periphery urban areas, social sciences, economics, cultural issues related with the theme, as art, image and media (publications, film, photography…) and other important subjects. Aspects as terminology, concepts and representation will be addressed as well.

CALL FOR PROPOSALS - For all Action-Members - Open call
MCMH-EU Youtube Channel

Watch the videos from 7 October!

MCMH-EU is organising a MCMH-EU Youtube Channel with a series of video podcasts from September 2020. This series will allow our action to remain active even in this time of health crisis, especially since we do not know when international travel will be allowed. Besides that, it is a good way to share our research and increase our COST-Action visibility beyond its members.

We are now looking for proposal with this Call for Proposals for all Action-Members. We highly encourage all Action-Members – in particular ITC and Young researchers – to submit a proposal for a video (up to 300 words) within the following thematic categories.

There will be two categories of videos podcasts:

  • A short version (6-8 min)
  • A long version (15-20 min)

The proposal should indicate which category applies.
We are very much looking forward to receive your proposals. Please send your proposal to the relevant WG-leader.

Thematic categories

  • MCMH History – Historical synopsis (Historical synopsis of a case study)
  • MCMH Architecture / Urbanism (e.g.: Learning from Projects; Maps/planning/GIS; Typologies; Housing and Collective Spaces; Landscape Views; Covid-19 pandemic)
  • MCMH Concepts / References (e.g.: Defining Middle Class; Housing and Social Class; Mass Housing)
  • MCMH Public Policies (e.g.: Country portrait, Case studies)
  • MCMH-EU Countries (Videos related to the different/selected countries)
  • MCMH-Touring cities (Videos related to the different/selected countries)
  • MCMH-Interviews (Interviews with another MCMH-EU member or any MCMH expert)
  • MCMH-Open Category (You are welcome to suggest another category)

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