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Two portraits of European Middle Class MassHousing.
As the experts of their living environmentthe resident’s explain to us what is: valuable,problematic or desirable. We explore everydayneighbourhoods of Almere Haven and NewBelgrade, using resident’s testimonies as a toolfor analysis.This Video and used material is part of twoongoing PhD projects.
Anica Dragutinovic, Lidwine Spoormans, UtaPottgiesser, Svenja-Christin Voß, Marcel Cardinali.
FILMMAKER CREDITS: Svenja-Christin Voß
RECORDING LOCATION: Detmold, Germany
La Pallaresa complex is an interesting example of Contemporary Architecture planed by the Iberian ArchitectsStudio. The authors of the project are Roberto and Esteban Terradas and Eduardo Souto de Moura.
They were asked to create a new centrality by building 112social dwellings and 120 middle class apartments together with amenities on the urban scale such as a hotel, a multi-screen cinema, a bowling alley and a shopping Mall
Roberto Terradas, one of the authors, explains how they decide to build vertical buildings in order to free the land.He also explains that both housing types share the same structural concept: The supporting façades free the area between the façade and the central communication core, in order to be able to easily modify the plan of the dwellings when housing needs change.
They also aimed to created, through the formal dialogue between the two high-rise residential buildings a symbolic element, a gate to the existing neighbourhood.
For them it has been important to keep the sense of the site, to create a new green space, and to build vertically to allow the inhabitants from the third level up, to have a view of the sea.
La Pallaresa Complex was built from 2004 to 2011. It is located in Santa Coloma City, close to Barcelona. The video include photographs, plans and drawings from the authors archives.
VIDEO AUTHOR(S): Teresa Rovira, Carla Herrera.
FILMMAKER CREDITS: Alexia Roca de Viñals. Agencia TSC.
RECORDING LOCATION: Roberto Terradas summer residence.
VIDEO PARTICIPANTS & EXPERTS: Roberto Terradas, Alexia Roca de Viñals, Teresa Rovira.
The residential neighbourhood of New Belgrade is filmed here from the tower constructed to house the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. We chose this vantage point to underscore the political set-up, social and ideological background of the1960s. The construction of the Central Zone of New Belgrade was a unique, Modernist architectural endeavour of its time. The concept of mass housing is explored as it was originally conceived: as a structural part of a complex urban landscape, of both social and spatial milieus. Large housing settlements, built worldwide after the Second World War, were supposed to overcome the problems with stand-alone buildings or neighbourhood units. They were themselves a performance of urban structure and as such.
The rather simple filming technique – Kameraschwenk – allows for “capturing” a wider perspective, while highlighting the intertwined social and spatial dimensions of modern urban planning. The shooting was performed as an act of construction: the elements of a segmented panoramic image dovetailing one another cinematically. Archival material inserted into the editing cuts illustrates or questions the historical narrative of the background.
The film pays tribute to Yugoslav mass housing by presenting one of its most impressive projects – the residential core of New Belgrade. It also reveals the emergence of a middle class, an inner contradiction of socialist modernisation, and opens the discussion about new forms of relationships between architecture and politics.
VIDEO AUTHOR(S): Marija Milinković & Marija Zurnić
FILMMAKER CREDITS: Sonja Dedić (video editing), Edward Djordjevic (text editing), Edvarad Djordjević and MarijaZurnić (narrators).
RECORDING LOCATION: Belgrade, Serbia.
VIDEO PARTICIPANTS & EXPERTS: Dejan Vesić, Dragana Ćorović, Radovan Cukić, Oleksandr Nadtoka, Dezire Tilinger,Svetlana Tolić.
Dr Žana Stevanovic Institute of nacional importance Vinca- institute for nuclear science. The study provides a useful evidence base of the formulation and targeting of policies on improving the housing stock as part of a carbon reduction policy on one hand but on another how is reception based on this polices reflected on consumer- resident thermal comfort.Main target is balancing with these two strategies but more favorable on resident thermal comfort.Based on that when the information on consumers point of view is defined than it can be approached to upgrading scenarios and upgrading thermal identity for types of residential stocks with high population density. In such way concept of risking great dissatisfaction with residents is slightly controlled and processes.
The current regulation aims to define the thermal identity status of mass residential complexes. What is the goal is to establish strategies that have proven to be the best approach to this topic and a package of basic measures on how to start the transformation of mass housing complexes. What have been shown in practice are the risks of climate change on the one hand and the response from people from different backgrounds. The goal is to warn of possible risks of transformations and their stagnation. The goal should be to identify risk of climate change, doing measurements by methodology of EN 7730 and using different software depending what identification of problems are.
VIDEO AUTHOR(S):Dr Žana Stevanović
FILMMAKER CREDITS: MCMH Projects, CA18137, Instituto Universitario de Lisboa, Dinamiacet-Iul ISCTE, Institute of Nuclear Science Vinca.
RECORDING LOCATION: Belgrade, Republic of Serbia.
VIDEO PARTICIPANTS & EXPERTS: Dr Žana Stevanović, VojislavPopović, Bojan Stevanović.
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